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TYPES of GIFTEDNESS
More than three-fifths of a person’s learning style is biologically imposed (Restak 1979, Thies 1979). According to Joseph Renzulli: “Gifted behavior occurs when there is an interaction among 3 basic clusters of human traits:
• Above-average general &/or specific abilities
• High levels of task commitment (motivation)
• High levels of creativity
EXP: Many gifted students find logical reasoning to be their preferred learning style, & for others linguistics may be (Language Arts & Math are not automatically synonymous – as if they’re gifted in one so they must be in the other)
👀 Visual learners learn best by comparing & contrasting modalities (a piece of lit to a video), or may do well in geometry…. Graphic organizers are a great resource for them
👩👩👦👦 Some enjoy working in groups where their leadership skills can be exposed and developed. Others prefer to work independently at their own pace
👍🏽 Some are hands-on kinesthetic learners – while others are auditory learners
The most prominent unique personal characteristics of the G&T are: being Critical, Persistent & Independent of thought & judgement. Studies conclude that there are at least 18 areas of sensitivity. (CHART by Dunn & Price)
Also see posts: “Adult Learning styles“
Existential – these thinkers are focused on issues too deep for other kids to understand, & may be prone to depression as they ponder the meaning of life. Careers involving philosophy & spirituality are a good fit
Kinesthetic – the kids who are highly skilled with their hands. As they develop control of their body, they may become hyperactive. Always on the move, these students must find physically active careers
Logical – those who excel in problem-solving & number manipulation. They may be easily frustrated with anything illogical. These students love to analyze everything, often becoming accountants or programmers
Verbal – masters of word manipulation, they can be quite persuasive. Their command of language gives then a love for storytelling, & a tendency to arguing. These students can have careers in marketing or politics
Visual – creating vivid mental pictures, these students thrive in the arts. Seeing the beauty in places where others may not, they can seem ‘overly’ emotional & dramatic. With imagination that never stops, these students make prime graphic designers.
In their BOOK “Teaching Gifted Students Through Independent Study,” Johnsen & Goree recommend independent study as one of the most effective ways to differentiate and individualize (S & I) learning for the G&T, allowing those students to delve deeply into any topic of interest. (MORE..).
Rita Dunn, with colleagues, has done extensive research on all forms of learning styles. BOOK: How to Implement and Supervise a Learning Style Program, 1996
In Chp 1 Dunn writes that adolescents gifted in a particular area – athletics, dance, leadership, literature, music & math – have similar learning styles across 9 cultures.
Her work showed that most of those G&T students preferred to learn either by themselves or with an authoritative teacher, & only a few with classmates. Even in primary grades, gifted 1st & 2nd-graders got higher achievement & attitude test scores when allowed to learn in their preferred way. (See ‘Social’ in chart above).
Research also documented the influence of time-of-day energy patterns on achievement. Conventional school hours appear to be poorly time for the majority of G&T adolescents, because while a few learn well early in the morning, many more prefer late morning, afternoon, or evening for concentrating on challenging academic studies.
The Gifted Development Center, created by Dr. Linda Silverman 30 years ago, found two main learning profiles, based on brain hemisphere preference:
• Right side dominant are ‘Visual-Spatial’ Learners (VSL)
• Left side dominant are ‘Auditory-Sequential’ Learners (ASL) (MORE...)
Her validated research of children ages 9-13 showed that :
🌱 about 60% are mainly Visual-Spatial
🌱 33% are strongly Visual-Spatial
🌱 23% are strongly Auditory-Sequential
🌱 44% use both styles, with about 30% leaning toward VSL & 15% toward ASL.
QUIZ by Jade Ann Rivera, to help identify a child’s type + other info