I‘VE ALWAYS WONDERED
why I do things!
PREVIOUS: Psychological Disorders #6
SITEs: M-B: Does it pay to know your type? (includes some MBTI history)
• The Dynamic Basis for Type
ORIGIN: MBTI is a personality inventory used by psychologists, as well as a tool for self-discovery, made up of 4 dichotomies (8 opposing functions). In 2000, an estimated two million people took the test, making it the most frequently used inventory available. First introduced in 1942, it was the work of mother & daughter Katharine C. Myers Briggs and Isabel Briggs.
It’s based on Carl Jung’s theory of types, outlined in his 1921 work Psychological Types, which said that human behavior follows from an inborn Extroverted (E) or Introverted (I) way of interacting with the world & of being energized. This became the 1st level. (MBTI History….)
*** Jung also identified 2 basic functions of Consciousness: (more in Part 2)
💚 Perceiving: Making decisions – either by Thinking or Feeling (T/F).
👁 Judging: Absorbing info – either by Sensing or Intuition (S/N)
S-N & T-F became levels 2 & 3, which are the core of typing. (MORE….)
Is was Isobel Myers who later listed Judging & Perceiving as separate components, giving us the 4th level. Each preferred function is expressed consciously (T over F, E over I….), while its less desired opposite shows up as behaviors driven by repressed, unconscious parts of our personality (as character defects?) (MORE… )
TOO SIMPLE? At first glance, only looking at the 4 opposite categories (which are on a broad continuum), the MBTI may seem simplistic. BUT – there are many nuances derived from various sets of connections, yielding a valuable range of deeper & more detailed personality insights.
• PREFERENCES: Our ‘mental process’ comes from using MBTI’s 2 middle levels (S-N, T-F), to identify each type’s preferences, from most to least, which form Stacks. The strongest one has the most powerful influence on our personality growth. If allowed to develop naturally, we come to trust this favored style, the Dominant (ENFJ = Extroverted Feeling), & our second most preferred one becomes the Auxiliary (ENFJ = Introverted Thinking). (More in future posts)
Type falsification: However, too often family, school & culture won’t let us develop on a natural path. EXP: A child who easily prefers the T function will try to make logical, objective decisions, but is made to feel guilty in an F-oriented family for not focusing enough on group harmony & other Feeler values.
So this child grows up to devalue their preferred dominant &/or auxiliary functions, having been pushed to develop other less-natural ones instead. Gradually they’ll ignore & then suppress the ability to trust their inborn decision-making process (T), or to notice & use important T info could give them throughout life.
This CHART shows how Jung’s Psyche components generate the 4 functions – from a fascinating article of a Jungian analysis of Shakespeare’s ‘Macbeth’, which includes the False Self, a lack of S & I, the Shadow…..
Introversion – An orientation to life via “subjective psychic content”, so that the ego/conscious Self is focused on its internal world, which includes the collective unconscious & its archetypes.
NOT isolators, not intrinsically shy or withdrawn, Is are however more comfortable living within the ‘limits’ of their inner world of thoughts, feelings, fantasies & dreams. They don’t like crowds, noise & hub-hub, but can be very talkative & sociable on a one-to-one basis.
Extraversion – A concentration of interest in external objects – whereby the ego/overall personality is mainly concerned with gaining gratification from what is outside the Self. Es greatly enjoy human interactions – being assertive, enthusiastic, gregarious & talkative.
NOT: automatically socially adept, easy with everyone or know what to say in very situation. Wounded extroverts are likely to sit on the sidelines & wait to be approached, or hide behind work, activities & authority roles.
🌓 🌗 AMBIVERT – for those of us who straddle the Type fence of choices .
Also see: “The Ambivert advantage”
👂🏾 If you want to know what an Extrovert is thinking, just listen.
👄 If you want to know what an Introvert is thinking, you have to ask them.
Read EXPLANATIONS of this ⬆ list
NEXT: M-B Intro #2a